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SERIES: Liberty Cap Cents 1793-1796
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1794 1C Starred Reverse, BN (Regular Strike)

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PCGS AU50BN

REVERSE DETAIL

PCGS XF45BN
PCGS #:
1374
Diameter:
28.00 millimeters
Designer:
Attributed to Robert Scot
Weight:
13.48 grams
Edge:
Lettered: ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR
Mintage:
918,521
Metal Content:
Copper
Auction Record:
$129,250 • PCGS VF30 • 8-6-2014 • Stack's/Bowers
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6
34,500
2
10
47,500
5
12
70,000
1
15
77,500
20
95,000
25
125,000
2
30
160,000
2
35
200,000
40
275,000
45
325,000
2
45+
375,000
50
632,500
1
Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Estimate 
Numismatic
Rarity 
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 60 R-8.4 5 / 11 5 / 12
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 11 1 / 12
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 11 1 / 12
Condition Census (Explain) Show more rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU50 PCGS grade

Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, 1972 FPL) - New York Collector - Stack's 9/1972:662, $15,000 - John W. Adams - Bowers & Ruddy 1982 FPL, lot 43, $50,000 - Bowers & Ruddy RCR 43, 1982 - Bowers & Ruddy RCR 46, 12/1982 - Dr. Boyd Hayward (11/1985) - Bowers & Merena 4/1986:945 - R.E. "Ted" Naftzger, Jr. Collection, sold privately on 2/23/1992 - Eric Streiner - Jay Parrino - Bowers & Merena 3/1995 - Walter J. Husak Collection - Heritage 2/2008:2050, $632,500

2 XF45 PCGS grade  

High Desert Collection (PCGS Set Registry)

2 XF45 PCGS grade  
4 XF40 estimated grade  
5 VF30 PCGS grade

Allison W. Jackman Collection - Henry Chapman 7/1919:190 - Henry C. Hines Collection, sold privately in 1945 - Dr. William H. Sheldon Collection, sold privately in 4/19/72 - R. E. Naftzger, Jr. Collection, sold privately on  2/23/92 - Eric Streiner - Jay Parrino (The Mint), sold privately in 6/1995 - Michael Arconti Collection - McCawley & Grellman Auctions/Superior 2/18/01:2133 - Jack Wadlington Collection, sold privately on 6/30/2005 (via Bob Grellman & Chris McCawley) - Dan Holmes Collection - Goldbergs 9/2009:79, $212,750

Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU50 PCGS grade

Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, 1972 FPL) - New York Collector - Stack's 9/1972:662, $15,000 - John W. Adams - Bowers & Ruddy 1982 FPL, lot 43, $50,000 - Bowers & Ruddy RCR 43, 1982 - Bowers & Ruddy RCR 46, 12/1982 - Dr. Boyd Hayward (11/1985) - Bowers & Merena 4/1986:945 - R.E. "Ted" Naftzger, Jr. Collection, sold privately on 2/23/1992 - Eric Streiner - Jay Parrino - Bowers & Merena 3/1995 - Walter J. Husak Collection - Heritage 2/2008:2050, $632,500

2 XF45 PCGS grade  

High Desert Collection (PCGS Set Registry)

2 XF45 PCGS grade  
4 XF40 estimated grade  
5 VF30 PCGS grade

Allison W. Jackman Collection - Henry Chapman 7/1919:190 - Henry C. Hines Collection, sold privately in 1945 - Dr. William H. Sheldon Collection, sold privately in 4/19/72 - R. E. Naftzger, Jr. Collection, sold privately on  2/23/92 - Eric Streiner - Jay Parrino (The Mint), sold privately in 6/1995 - Michael Arconti Collection - McCawley & Grellman Auctions/Superior 2/18/01:2133 - Jack Wadlington Collection, sold privately on 6/30/2005 (via Bob Grellman & Chris McCawley) - Dan Holmes Collection - Goldbergs 9/2009:79, $212,750

5 VF30 PCGS grade  
5 VF30 estimated grade  

John Work Garrett Collection - Johns Hopkins University Collection - Bowers & Ruddy 11/1979:67, $14,000

8 VF25 PCGS grade

Q. David Bowers - earlier discovered unattributed upon submission to ANACS in 1990 - David Akers “Auction '90” 8/1990:1508 - Julian Leidman - Bowers & Merena Galleries - Dr. John A. Van Arsdall - Bowers & Merena 1/1993:222 - Dr. John A. Van Arsdall - Bowers & Merena 7/2003:120 - American Numismatic Rarities 1/2004:1101 - Stack's 8/2010:197 - Stack’s/Bowers 8/2014:13027 - Stack's/Bowers 5/2015:43, $99,875

8 VF25 PCGS grade  
10 F12 PCGS grade  

Heritage 1/2012:3033, $74,750

Denis Loring: The Starred Reverse is the most famous of all the 1794's. According to Sheldon, "Collectors mention it with religious awe." About 50-60 are known in all grades. Early in its life, the reverse die buckled in a straight line from 10:00 to 4:00, accounting for the scarcity of the variety. Because of the buckle, the upper right reverse wears away quickly and the lower left lingers. Low-grade examples are known showing only a few stars at 7:00.