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SERIES: U.S. Colonial Issues
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1783 P '100' Nova Plain (Proof)

PCGS #:
45409
Diameter:
Designer:
Weight:
Edge:
Mintage:
Metal Content:
Auction Record:
$705,000 • NGC PR55 • 5-16-2014 • Heritage
 
Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Estimate 
Numismatic
Rarity 
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 1 R-10.0 1 / 5 TIE 1 / 5 TIE
60 or Better 1 R-10.0 1 / 5 TIE 1 / 5 TIE
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 5 1 / 5
Condition Census (Explain)
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU55 estimated grade  
Weight: 26.39 grains (per Stack’s 5/1991)
Composition: 93.65% Silver, 6.19% Copper, .16% gold and lead (per Stack’s 5/1991)
Diameter: 
Edge: Plain
 
Benjamin Dudley - Robert Morris - Thomas Jefferson - Charles Thomson - William Taap Collection - T. Chapman and Son 10/1884:131 - John G. Murdoch Collection - Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge 7/1903:905 - S.H. Chapman - Robert Garrett Collection - John Work Garrett Collection - Wayte Raymond - Guttag brothers FPL in 1923 - Waldo C. Newcomer Collection, who paid for $3,000 - B.Max Mehl, sold privately in 1931 - "Col." E.H.R. Green Collection - B.G. Johnson, sent on approval to Abe Kosoff (Numismatic Gallery) on 7/16/1945 for $1,250 but returned on 8/3/1945 - Eric P. Newman Collection - Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society - Heritage 5/2014:30424, $705,000
Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU55 estimated grade  
Weight: 26.39 grains (per Stack’s 5/1991)
Composition: 93.65% Silver, 6.19% Copper, .16% gold and lead (per Stack’s 5/1991)
Diameter: 
Edge: Plain
 
Benjamin Dudley - Robert Morris - Thomas Jefferson - Charles Thomson - William Taap Collection - T. Chapman and Son 10/1884:131 - John G. Murdoch Collection - Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge 7/1903:905 - S.H. Chapman - Robert Garrett Collection - John Work Garrett Collection - Wayte Raymond - Guttag brothers FPL in 1923 - Waldo C. Newcomer Collection, who paid for $3,000 - B.Max Mehl, sold privately in 1931 - "Col." E.H.R. Green Collection - B.G. Johnson, sent on approval to Abe Kosoff (Numismatic Gallery) on 7/16/1945 for $1,250 but returned on 8/3/1945 - Eric P. Newman Collection - Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society - Heritage 5/2014:30424, $705,000

David Hall: The Nova Constellatio silver "100" pattern with a plain edge is unique.

 


P. Scott Rubin: The 1783 Plain Edge 100 or “Bit” Nova Constellatio Silver Pattern is a unique coin that is part of the first proposal for a coinage of The United States of America. There are two other 1783 100 coins known to exist. They differ from the present coin and, like the rest of the Nova Constellatio Patterns, they contain an edge design of a twin leaf image. The size of this coin approximates the Dime of the eventual coinage of the United States.

What makes this coin and this denomination of the Nova Constellatio coinage so special is that more than one coin was struck. All the other three denominations known to exist of this Coinage are unique, as only one coin of each appears to have been struck.

This makes the 100 or “Bit” Nova Constellatio the only denomination of the first Pattern Coinage struck for the United States that is collectible. Currently (2016) one complete set of the 1783 Nova Constellatio Coinage (a set of all four known denominations) is owned by one owner and off the market. However, collectors have the potential to own this Bit Nova Constellatio with plain edge and another twin leaf edge if they ever appear for sale.

Condition-wise, the 1783 Plain Edge 100 Nova Constellatio Silver Pattern is the second finest of the three known coins of this denomination. As far as historical importance goes, this coin was part of all the Silver 1783 Nova Constellatio Patterns that documentation proves came from Thomas Jefferson, who turned them over to Charles Thomson (Secretary of the Congress) in 1783. While Thomson kept the two highest denomination coins of the Silver Set, at some point the three 100 denomination coins were given to others and became separated.

This makes the 1783 Plain Edge 100 Nova Constellatio Silver Pattern one of the most historically important coins ever struck for the United States and one of the rarest since it is unique because of its plain edge.