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SERIES: U.S. Colonial Issues
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1788 Vermont Bust Right, 'ET LIB' IND, BN (Regular Strike)

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PCGS FR2BN
PCGS #:
569
Diameter:
Designer:
Weight:
Edge:
Mintage:
Metal Content:
Other
Auction Record:
$71,875 • UNC • 10-1-2003 • Stack's
Go To Grade
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  • 45
 
2
750
1
2
4
950
4
6
1,000
6
8
1,100
8
10
1,200
10
12
1,350
12
15
1,500
15
20
2,000
20
30
3,000
1
30
35
3,500
35
40
4,250
1
40
45
5,000
1
45
Condition Census (Explain)
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 PCGS XF45BN  
2 PCGS XF40BN  
3 PCGS VF30BN  
4 PCGS VF25BN  
4 PCGS VF25BN  
Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 PCGS XF45BN  
2 PCGS XF40BN  
3 PCGS VF30BN  
4 PCGS VF25BN  
4 PCGS VF25BN  
P. Scott Rubin: The 1788 Vermont Copper with Bust Facing Right and the reverse Reading “ET LIB INDE” is a rare type known by two varieties using the same reverse die. The first of these is known as RR-18 and Bressett 19-X -- it is a rare issue and on some specimens a long die break is evident on the obverse, which probably caused the untimely failure of the die. The second use of the reverse die is known as RR-35 and Bressett 20-X - it is an extremely rare variety with only twelve specimens currently known. The reverse die was used following its use on RR-18; we know this because a larger die break is seen on the reverse die when used as RR-35.

Many of the known specimens of the 1788 Vermont “ET LIB INDE” Copper are struck over Irish Halfpennnies. It is believed that this variety was a product of Machin’s Mill, because of the star element used on the reverse.