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SERIES: Liberty Gold Dollars 1849-1889
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1854-D G$1 (Regular Strike)

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ex Duke's Creek - Image courtesy of Hancock & Harwell


12.70 millimeters
James Barton Longacre
1.70 grams
Metal Content:
90% Gold, 10% Copper
Auction Record:
$64,625 • NGC MS64 • 4-24-2013 • Heritage Auctions
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Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 90 R-8.1 2 / 26 5 / 81 TIE
60 or Better 10 R-9.5 5 / 26 TIE 14 / 81 TIE
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 26 1 / 81
Condition Census (Explain) Show more rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS grade  
1 MS62 PCGS estimated grade  

Heritage 1/2000:7557, $11,500 - Ashland City Collection - Heritage 1/2003:4632, $10,063 - Longfellow Collection - Heritage 2/2010:1391, $11,505.75

David Akers (1975/88): One of the rarest of all D Mint gold dollars, and only the 1856-D and 1861-D had fewer auction appeparances in our 192 catalogue sample. In my own experience, however, I have certainly seen more examples of the 1854-D than I have of either 1855-D or 1860-D. Harry Bass would be the final authority on die varieites of this date, but all specimens that I can recall seeing had die striations on the reverse to the left of the mint mark. Strictly uncirculated specimens are extremely rare and the finest example that I am aware of is now in a private collection in Wisconsin. It is an MS65 coin and was sold by Paramount in early 1975.
Doug Winter: Due to its very small mintage figure, the rarity of the 1854-D has been greatly overstated. In his 1965 monograph on gold dollars, Walter Breen estimated that only 25-30 1854-D gold dollars existed. While the actual number known is considerably more, this is still a rare and desirable coin.

The 1854-D gold dollar is most often found in Very Fine and Extremely Fine grades. It is quite rare in About Uncirculated and most of the examples in this grade range are not choice. This date is very rare in the higher About Uncirculated grades and it is very rare in full Mint State.

STRIKE: The 1854-D issue has an irregular and distinctive quality of strike. The obverse is considerably sharper than the reverse and it should be considered the major determining factor when grading this issue. The stars are small and very sharp while the hair shows strong overall detail. The milling is nearly complete on most specimens and shows good detail. The reverse is always seen with weakness at the left side of the wreath, the bow, OLLA in DOLLAR, and on the 854 in the date. The milling is blurry and indistinct.

SURFACES: A number of mint-made diagnostic marks can be seen on the surfaces of all 1854-D gold dollars. On this obverse, there are several raised die scratches around the stars. Large, raised die scratches can be seen on the reverse to the left of the mintmark and on up to the U in UNITED. Most show medium to heavy clashmarks at the center of the obverse. Since most 1854-D gold dollars were well circulated (and many have subsequently been cleaned or mishandled), it is hard to find an example which does not show either noticeable abrasions or hairlines.

LUSTER: This date has below average luster. Most are worn to the point that little–if any–mint luster remains. Those that still retain luster have a subdued, grainy texture.

COLORATION: Original, uncleaned pieces most often show pale rose-gold or light green-gold coloration. The 1854-D gold dollar has become extremely hard to locate with original color as most have been cleaned or dipped.

EYE APPEAL: While there are some attractive examples of this date, most have below average eye appeal. Many have been cleaned and the softly struck reverse makes this a difficult issue to accurately grade.

DIE VARIETIES: Only one die variety is known.

Variety 6-H: The obverse shows the die characteristics described above. On the reverse, the date is very large and placed high in the field. The 1 nearly touches a leaf and it is positioned between the D and the O in DOLLAR. The mintmark is fairly small and well centered.