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SERIES: Capped Bust $5 1807-1834
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1823 $5 (Regular Strike)

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PCGS MS65

PCGS MS64+

PCGS MS64
PCGS #:
8131
Diameter:
25.00 millimeters
Designer:
Robert Scot & John Reich
Weight:
8.75 grams
Edge:
Reeded
Mintage:
14,485
Metal Content:
91.7% Gold, 8.3% Copper
Auction Record:
$299,000 • NGC MS65 • 1-5-2011 • Heritage
Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Estimate 
Numismatic
Rarity 
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 82 R-8.1 18 / 22 29 / 42
60 or Better 55 R-8.4 19 / 22 TIE 31 / 42 TIE
65 or Better 4 R-9.8 12 / 22 TIE 19 / 42 TIE
Condition Census (Explain) Show more rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS65 PCGS grade

Henry Miller Collection - Heritage 1/2011:5096, $299,000

2 MS64 PCGS grade

Heritage 11/2004:8353 - Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 1/2014:5429, $82,250

2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS65 PCGS grade

Henry Miller Collection - Heritage 1/2011:5096, $299,000

2 MS64 PCGS grade

Heritage 11/2004:8353 - Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 1/2014:5429, $82,250

2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
2 MS64 PCGS grade  
David Akers (1975/88): The 1823 is a very rare coin but it is still one of the more "common" dates of this type, and certainly the most available date between 1821 and 1829. When 1820 is considered just as a date and the Curved Base 2 and Square Base 2 varieties are not broken out, the 1823 is more rare than the 1820, as well as the 1813, 1814/3 and 1818. There are a few well circulated 1923's around but most known specimens are AU or better. A number of very choice uncs are also known, perhaps as many as 25-30 pieces.

Ron Guth: The 1823 Half Eagle is known by only one die variety: BD-1 (Breen 1-A).  This is a relatively scarce date, with an estimated 100 survivors.  Despite the low survival rate, several choice to near-Gem examples are known.

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"Early U.S. Gold Coin Varieties" by John W. Dannreuther and Harry W. Bass, Jr.