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SERIES: Liberty Head $10 1838-1907
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1844 $10 (Regular Strike)

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PCGS AU58

PCGS AU55

PCGS AU55
PCGS #:
8590
Diameter:
26.80 millimeters
Designer:
Christian Gobrecht
Weight:
16.70 grams
Edge:
Reeded
Mintage:
6,361
Metal Content:
90% Gold, 10% Copper
Auction Record:
$30,550 • NGC MS61 • 9-9-2016 • Heritage
Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Estimate 
Numismatic
Rarity 
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 55 R-8.4 10 / 64 TIE 17 / 183 TIE
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 64 1 / 183
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 64 1 / 183
Condition Census (Explain) Show more rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS62 estimated grade  
2 AU58 estimated grade  
3 AU55+ PCGS grade

Heritage 9/2015:4196, $14,100

4 AU55 PCGS grade
4 AU55 PCGS grade  

Heritage 1/2014:6841, $24,169.75

Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS62 estimated grade  
2 AU58 estimated grade  
3 AU55+ PCGS grade

Heritage 9/2015:4196, $14,100

4 AU55 PCGS grade
4 AU55 PCGS grade  

Heritage 1/2014:6841, $24,169.75

4 AU55 PCGS grade  

Heritage 1/2003:8746, $5,060

7 AU53 PCGS grade

David Hall Collection - Simpson Collection

 

7 AU53 estimated grade  

American Numismatic Rarities 3/2004:1499, $5,520 - Goldbergs 9/16/2008:1522, $9,775

7 AU53 estimated grade  

Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 1/2014:6842, $8,812.50

7 AU53 estimated grade  

Heritage 1/2015:7209, $8,812.50

David Akers (1975/88): This date has the second lowest mintage of this type from 1839-1857 and its rarity matches its low mintage. It is comparable to the 1839 Type of '40, the 1845, and the 1846, although its low mintage had brought it a little more recognition than those three equally rare dates. I have not personally seen a mint state piece but one or two may exist. The Bell 1944 coin in particular was described as "choice". In AU condition this date is extremely rare and the relatively few examples that are availble to collectors grade only VF or EF.
Doug Winter: There are few coins in the $10 Liberty series that are not well-known outside of the core collecting community of Liberty Head eagles. I would have to rank the 1844 as the number one sleeper in this group and it is a coin whose true rarity even surprised me as I was researching this series.

There were only 6,361 eagles struck in 1844 and my estimate is that 40-50+ are known. When you do find an 1844 eagle, it tends to be very well worn with VF and EF examples most often seen. I believe that there are fewer than ten properly graded AU examples known with most in the AU50-53 range. NGC has graded one in MS63 (I have not seen it) which may possibly be the Bell coin from 1944. The best example I have personally seen is an AU55 and I cannot recall having seen a nice 1844 eagle in over five years.

Every 1844 has two prominent die characteristics on the obverse. There is a horizontal die line below the first star and a series of vertical die scratches from the denticles out onto the fields near star three.