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SERIES: Liberty Head $10 1838-1907
LEVEL: Year, MintMark, & Major Variety

1870-CC $10 (Regular Strike)

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PCGS AU55

PCGS AU53

PCGS AU53
PCGS #:
8658
Diameter:
26.80 millimeters
Designer:
Christian Gobrecht
Weight:
16.70 grams
Edge:
Reeded
Mintage:
5,908
Metal Content:
90% Gold, 10% Copper
Auction Record:
$135,125 • NGC AU55 • 3-20-2014 • Heritage
Rarity and Survival Estimates (Explain)
Grades Survival
Estimate 
Numismatic
Rarity 
Relative Rarity
By Type 
Relative Rarity
By Series 
All Grades 66 R-8.3 13 / 117 TIE 28 / 183 TIE
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 117 1 / 183
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 117 1 / 183
Condition Census (Explain) Show more rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU55 PCGS grade  

Discovered in Europe in 1999 - Heritage Rare Coin Galleries 2/2000 - Doug Winter - Orange County Collection - Heritage 6/2000:7603, withdrawn - Pinnacle Rarities - Old West Collection - American Numismatic Rarities 8/2006:1341, $115,000

1 AU55 PCGS grade

Richmond Collection - David Lawrence 7/2004:2088 - Heritage 3/2005:7033 - Rare Coin Wholesalers - Rusty Goe, sold privately in 10/2005 - Battle Born Collection - Stack’s/Bowers 8/2012:11020, $126,500

3 AU53 PCGS grade

Stack's/Bowers 3/2013:2179, $70,500

3 AU53 PCGS grade  
5 AU50 PCGS grade

Ellen D Collection (PCGS Set Registry) - Simpson Collection

Condition Census (Explain) Show fewer rows
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU55 PCGS grade  

Discovered in Europe in 1999 - Heritage Rare Coin Galleries 2/2000 - Doug Winter - Orange County Collection - Heritage 6/2000:7603, withdrawn - Pinnacle Rarities - Old West Collection - American Numismatic Rarities 8/2006:1341, $115,000

1 AU55 PCGS grade

Richmond Collection - David Lawrence 7/2004:2088 - Heritage 3/2005:7033 - Rare Coin Wholesalers - Rusty Goe, sold privately in 10/2005 - Battle Born Collection - Stack’s/Bowers 8/2012:11020, $126,500

3 AU53 PCGS grade

Stack's/Bowers 3/2013:2179, $70,500

3 AU53 PCGS grade  
5 AU50 PCGS grade

Ellen D Collection (PCGS Set Registry) - Simpson Collection

5 AU50 PCGS grade  
5 AU50 PCGS grade  
5 AU50 PCGS grade  
9 AU50 estimated grade  

Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 3/2014:30373, $135,125

9 AU50 estimated grade  
Douglas Winter: This is the rarest and most famous eagle from the Carson City mint. It is actually close in overall rarity to the highly-prized (and priced!) double eagle of this date/mint but it is less popular and still only valued at a fraction of its larger cousin. There were 5,098 struck and I believe that around 50 or so are known today. Most 1870-CC eagles are very well-worn as this issue, like nearly all the early gold pieces from this mint, saw considerable use in local commerce. Any 1870-CC eagle that grades Extremely Fine is quite rare and properly graded AU's are very rare with around a half dozen or so known to me. The finest 1870-CC eagle that I have seen is a PCGS AU55 (last sold as ANR 8/06: 1341) that brought $115,000 which is a record for this issue. Every example I have seen is heavily bagmarked and most are weakly struck on the hair along the face. Most have been cleaned or dipped and negative eye appeal tends to greatly impact this issue.
David Akers (1975/88): The 1870-CC is one of the two rarest Carson City Mint Eagles, comparable in overall rarity to the lower mintage 1879-CC. However, if one takes condition rarity into account as well as overall rarity, then the 1870-CC would be rated as the rarest Eagle from this Mint. In fact, only the famous Double Eagle of the same date surpasses the 1870-CC Eagle as the rarest of all Carson City gold coins. To the best of my knowledge, this very rare date is unknown in strictly uncirculated condition.