Nickels : Buffalo Nickel : Type 2, "FIVE CENTS" In Recess

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Obverse of 1916-D Buffalo Nickel Reverse of 1916-D Buffalo Nickel

Q. David Bowers (edited and updated by Mike Sherman): The Type II Buffalo nickel is similar to the Type I of 1913 except for the reverse. The Type II features a restyled area at the bottom of the reverse. The buffalo previously standing on raised ground is now on a line or plane. The inscription FIVE CENTS, earlier on the mound, is now in a recessed portion below the line, thus protecting it from wear. This style was produced from 1913 through the end of the Buffalo motif in 1938.

The type set collector will have no difficulty in obtaining one the commoner issues of this style, perhaps a piece in the 1930s. Examples are available in all grades from About Good through Superb Uncirculated. Most surviving Buffalo nickels show areas of light striking in one part of the design or another, with the high parts of the Indian’s head often being indistinct. Indeed, certain issues of the Denver and San Francisco mints in the 1920s are nearly always weakly struck, with 1926-D being particularly egregious in this regard. Sharply struck and minutely detailed business strike Buffalo nickels of any date are scarce.

Matte Proofs were minted from 1913 through 1916 and closely resemble business strikes except that the Matte Proof issues have brilliant, squared-off edges and rims and have a microscopically granular surface, unlike the mint “frost” of most business strikes. Often an expert must be enlisted to tell the difference. In 1936 and 1937 Proofs of the brilliant finish were produced.

-- Reprinted with permission from "United States Coins by Design Types - An Action Guide for the Collector and Investor" by Q. David Bowers