Colonials : Pre-1776 Private and Regional Issues : American Plantation Tokens

Obverse of American Plantation Token Reverse of American Plantation Token
Ron Guth: These have been called 1/24 Part Reals (Breen), 1/24 Reals (Akers), and Farthings (Akers and Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles)

The following history is courtesy of Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.:
"
The Plantation Token came about because of the tin price collapse in England during the period of 1679-80 (Breen). Although tin had been discovered and used since antiquity, being useful in making bronze, the idea of using tin for coinage had not been employed. This is because of the fact that tin turns into dust when exposed to extreme cold almost instantly, more slowly at normal temperatures, with evidence of tin pesting a by product of time and exposure to the elements. Nevertheless, the tin mine owners of Cornwall and Devonshire had a crisis, their tin mines were virtually worthless, and something had to be done with all that tin. What better solution than convincing the royal authorities under James II to coin the tin into money? Now the tin miners would have a steady source to sell their tin production to at higher prices than ever. Thus the Tower Mint began producing tin farthings and half pence for British domestic circulation from 1684-92. King James II's secretary Henry Guy then hatched the idea of making tin coins for the American Plantations, as the Colonies were known at that time, unless the Tower Mint had any objections. Apparently no objections were voiced, and soon the Tower Mint was coining these 1/24th Real coins for export. Literally within a few weeks of these being struck., James II was ousted during the "Glorious Revolution" which interrupted coinage. Analysis shows these coins to be 97.5% pure tin, which accounts for the always rough surfaces seen today. A London coin dealer named Matthew Young obtained two pairs of dies from these and restruck several in tin around 1828, these restrikes display a die crack in the right obverse field, and are nearly as rare as the originals..."

Varieties:
c. 1688 1/24 Part Real in Tin
 
c. 1688 1/24 Part Real in Tin - "ET. HB. REX" on obverse 
c. 1688 1/24 Part Real in Tin - Sideways 4 in "24" on reverse
 
c. 1688 1/24 Part Real in Tin - Arms  transposed on reverse 
c. 1828 Restrike in Tine